In-situ conservation deals with the on-site conservation of the wild genetic resources/genetic diversity in natural habitat. In India, the conservation of forest areas preserve through Protected Areas like National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves.
Promotions of In-situ conservation of Medicinal Plants is also important to the AYUSH due to its dependants on Medicinal Plants. It involves survey, inventorisation and documentation of important medicinal plants in their natural habitat. In-situ conservation of medicinal plants is carried out through following activities: